English Literacy, Round 2

The theme of this round is about social and environmental injustice which mainly talking about how can pollution related to inequality and how can it affect us as citizen. Our final assessment of this round is an argumentative essay of a topic. In this concept, we did some process such as brainstorming, pre-writing, write a rough draft, peer-review, revise idea, edit and the last is publish. In order to have a strong argumentative essay, we need to learn how to write a strong thesis statement, choosing evidences. All the references identify as primary source or secondary source. Primary source is the first-hand source which takes action in the real event, for example, photographs,  autobiography, maps, diary, documented. Secondary source is the second-hand source which from the primary source such as textbooks, articles, etc.

This is my wonderful argumentative essay. Please enjoy reading!

SaraVotey Mom                                                    English Literacy                                               

Hannah Trivitt                                                        14 December 2018    

                                                 From Bait to Plate  

Millions and millions of fish have been caught, annually. There is a problem before those fish hit your plate because right now we simply cannot tell if the fish we eat were illegally caught or not. Which means, illegally caught fish are getting into the seafood market at different points of their journey from bait to plate. The IUU stands for Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated fishing. This is a global issue around the world. Illegal fishing is the action of fishing that not allowed by law. Some parts of the world, people used huge nets or electric shock. These actions occur in parts of the ocean where fishing is not permitted or fishing greater numbers than a fisher’s permit allows to catch. Even though illegal fishing makes people a lot of money, we should abolish those actions. Illegal fishing negatively affects marine environment/ecosystem, economics, and species extinction.

Illegal fishing is extremely harmful to the marine environment and ecosystem. These methods would strongly affect marine species in the ocean. If there are many fish have been catching, it is an adverse effect on marine biodiversity. Every single aquatic plant and animal has a role to play for balancing themselves with their environment and surroundings. So in order to thrive, marine creatures require some kind of environment and nutrients, which in this process they may depend on other organisms. For instance, some of the people tried to improve the method of catching Tuna. Tuna is a part which is very essential to the ecosystem because it is a huge part of millions of marine species diets. Having less amount of Tuna, a very special species, can cause really serious threats to sharks, seabirds and sea turtle (World Wildlife Fund). In addition, it destroys the marine habitats including coral reefs or sea turtle nesting beaches. It makes the marine animals have no habitat to live anymore, which take more time for them to build a new one. According to Marine Science Today, seabirds such as puffins were depended on the sand eel for their food around the Shetland Islands. Especially, with the loss of sand eels, seabirds around Shetland Island might be declined (Krysten). As mentioned, in the ecosystem organisms depend on each other to thrive, which means that if the food chain breaks at any level, it will affect all other living organisms in the ecosystem as well. To sum up, Depletion of fish populations and destroy the entire marine food chain also the main part of Illegal fishing.

Economics is also related to Illegal fishing. It leads to some of the detrimental effects to the economics which especially to the local fishermen and local communities. Advantages and benefits are being provided from marine species, including ecosystem services such as the distribution of food, medicines, and livelihood. They also support tourism by entertainment activities around the world (IUCN). Fishermen who use the legal fishing gear could lose their fishing opportunity and lose the value of the catches. They may lose income for their family expenditures which working in the fishing industry. Nearly all of the legal fishermen are living near the ocean which they live partly depends on the fishing field to spend everyday expenditures for buying food and stuff. For instance, Orbital Admin, a writer in stop illegal fishing.com, was saying, “The Marine Resource Assessment Group estimate that Africa loses $1billion a year to illegal fishing, and since fishing is the basis for 45 million livelihoods in sub_saharan Africa” (Admin). This means it affects a large number of family who makes a living depend on the ocean. Illegal fishing may cause having less fish in the ocean, which also makes other fishermen couldn’t find much fish for their income. The Illegal fish harvest may be brought to market at a lower price because there is a lot amount of fish. This is unfair because fisherman that are fishing legally are losing income while the illegal fisherman is making more profit since they are bringing in more fish. It’s kind of unfair of prices to the same product that is from legal fishing. However, the low prices of fish won’t take the short amount of time to increase.

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